Chile Flag

Chile name facts
There is no conclusive evidence about the origin of the word 'Chile'. Many believe that it is a variation of Native Indian word 'Tchilli' which meant 'snow' or 'extremely cold' The Spanish conquistadors heard the word from the Incas, and the survivors of Diego de Almagro's first Spanish expedition popularized it

Chile Geography facts
The Andes, the longest continental mountain range in the world, extend through the entire length of Chile and hence mountains cover 80 percent of Chile.

Interesting Chile facts for kids
Chile has more active volcanoes than any country except Indonesia. Chile has about 500 volcanoes considered active, 60 of which have had recorded eruptions in the last 450 years.
OMG facts about Chile
Chuquicamata, located in the north of Chile, is the biggest open pit copper mine in the world.
Chile facts for kids
Chile is world's largest producer and exporter of copper
Chile fun facts for kids
Chile's highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado (6,880 m)
interesting Chile facts for kids
Chile's lowest point: Pacific Ocean (0 m)
fun Chile facts for kids
Only 3% of Chile's land is arable (fit for agriculture)
Chile fun facts for kids
Loa River is the longest river in Chile
Chile fun facts for kids
Easter Island of Chile is famous for its monumental statues carved from the island’s volcanic rocks.
Chile fun facts for kids
Easter Island' s Mataveri International Airport is the world's remotest international airport.
Chile fun facts for kids
The driest desert in the world, Atacama Desert forms part of the northen Chile. Chileans call it El Norte Grande (The Big North)
Chile fun facts for kids
80% of South America’s glaciers lie in Chile. The largest glaciers of Chile are the Northern and Southern Patagonian Ice Fields.
Chile fun facts for kids
Pudú, the world’s smallest deer, is found on Chiloé Island of Chile.
Chile fun facts for kids
Virgen del Carmen is the patron saint of Chile
Chile fun facts for kids
About 70% of Chile’s population are Mestizos (people with mixed European and native Indian ancestry). About 25% are whites and about 5% are Mapuche and other indigenous gropus
Facts about famous Chileans
Gabriela Mistral (birth name: Lucila Godoy Alcayaga) is the first Chilean to win a Nobel Prize. She won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Her portrait appears on the 5,000 Chilean peso bank note.
Chile’s national poet, Pablo Neruda (birth name: Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto) won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. He chose his pen name after Czech poet Jan Neruda.
Chile fun facts for kids
Cueca is Chile’s national dance.
Chile fun facts for kids
Tonadas is Chile’s folk music
Chile fun facts for kids
Empanada, a stuffed bread or pastry baked or fried, is the most popular food item in Chile.
Chile fun facts for kids
Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego is an island near the southern tip of South America. Its western part (61.43% of the island) is in Chile, while the eastern part (38.57% of the island) is in Argentina
Chile fun facts for kids
Chilean countryman and skilled horseman (cowboy) is called huaso (Similar to the Argentinian or Uruguayan gaucho, the American cowboy, the Australian stockman, and Mexican vaquero and charro)
Chile fun facts for kids
Musical instruments: tipla (a four-stringed instrument);charango (an armadillo shell as the sounding board); zampoña(bamboo panpipes); quena (hollowed out sugarcane stalk); turtleback-shaped ocarina (made of clay); palo de lluvia (dried cactus branch filled with small beads)
Chile fun facts for kids
El Mercurio is the largest-circulated Chilean newspaper. Its Valparaíso edition is the oldest daily in the Spanish language currently in circulation.
interesting Chile facts
Top 10 cities of Chile with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Santiago Metropolis: 5,898,612
2. Greater Concepción: 949,023
3. Greater Valparaíso: 934,859
4. Greater La Serena: 413,716
5. Antofagasta: 348,669
6. Greater Temuco: 345,247
7. Greater Iquique: 279,408
8. Rancagua conurbation: 277,090
9. Puerto Montt: 238,455
10. Arica: 210,936
Administrative Divisions: 15 regions
1. Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo
2. Antofagasta
3. Araucania
4. Arica y Parinacota
5. Atacama
6. Biobio
7. Coquimbo
8. Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins
9. Los Lagos
10. Los Rios
11. Magallanes y de la Antartica Chilena
12. Maule
13. Region Metropolitana (Santiago)
14. Tarapaca
15. Valparaiso
Political parties and leaders:
Broad Social Movement (MAS) - Alejandro NAVARRO Brain

Citizen Left (IC)

Equality Party - Lautaro GUANCA Vallejos

Coalition for Change (CC) (also known as the Alliance for Chile (Alianza) (APC)) (including National Renewal (RN) - Carlos LARRAIN Pena, and Independent Democratic Union (UDI) - Patricio MELERO

Coalition of Parties for Democracy (Concertacion) (CPD) (including Christian Democratic Party (PDC) - Ignacio WALKER Prieto, Party for Democracy (PPD) - Jaime Daniel QUINTANA Leal, Radical Social Democratic Party (PRSD) - Jose Antonio GOMEZ Urrutia, and Socialist Party (PS) - Osvaldo ANDRADE Lara)

Ecological Green Party - Cristian VILLAROEL Novoa

Humanist Party (PH) - Danilo MONTEVERDE Reyes

Independent Regionalist Party (PRI) - Carlos OLIVARES Zepeda

Progressive Party (PRO) - Marco ENRIQUEZ-OMINAMI Gumucio
interesting Chile facts
bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (38 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve eight-year terms; one-half elected every four years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Chile's motto
Capital & largest city
current time in Santiago
Official language
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Religious Groups
Palacio de La Moneda

License: CC
Easter Island
Coat of arms
National Bird: Andean Condor

Photo: Eric Miraglia License: CC
National Flower: Chilean bellflower

Photo: KENPEI License: CC
National Animal: Huemul

Photo: magical-world License: CC

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