|Name||Republic of Chile||Capital||Santiago|
Chile probably got its name from the Native Indian word 'Tchilli' which meant 'snow' or 'extremely cold' The Spanish conquistadors heard the word from the Incas, and the survivors of Diego de Almagro's first Spanish expedition popularized it
How did Chile get its name
Nevado Ojos del Salado, the highest peak in Chile, is also the highest active volcano in the world at 6,893 m (22,615 ft). It is also the second highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere.
80% of South America’s glaciers lie in Chile. The largest glaciers of Chile are the Northern and Southern Patagonian Ice Fields.
Land of glaciers
Chile is world's largest producer and exporter of copper. Chuquicamata, located in the north of Chile, is the biggest open pit copper mine in the world
Largest copper producer
National bird: Andean Condor
National animal: Huemul
Southern Andes of Chile and Argentina are home to Southern pudú, a species of South American deer. Andes of Colombia, Peru, and Ecuador are home to Northern pudú, the smallest species of deer in the world. Because they live on the slopes of the Andes Mountain Range, they are also known as the "Chilean mountain goat".
Chile has more active volcanoes than any country except Indonesia. Chile has about 500 volcanoes considered active, 60 of which have had recorded eruptions in the last 450 years
Land of volcanoes
Chile’s most famous poet, Pablo Neruda (birth name: Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto) won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. He chose his pen name after Czech poet Jan Neruda. Neruda is often considered the national poet of Chile, and his works have been popular and influential worldwide. The Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez once called him "the greatest poet of the 20th century in any language".
World's largest swimming pool is in the San Alfonso del Mar resort, Algarrobo, Chile. The pool covers about 20 acres containing some 250 million liters (66 million US gallons)
World's largest swimming pool
National flower: Chilean bellflower
Chile Coat of arms
Easter Island of Chile is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai, created by the early Rapa Nui people. The name "Easter Island" was given by the island's first recorded European visitor, the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen, who encountered it on Easter Sunday (5 April) in 1722, while searching for Davis or David's island. The current Polynesian name of the island is Rapa Nui ("Big Rapa")
The Andes, the longest continental mountain range in the world, extend through the entire length of Chile and hence mountains cover 80 percent of Chile. Only 3% of Chile's land is arable (fit for agriculture)
Longest mountain range
Chilean countryman and skilled horseman (cowboy) is called huaso (Similar to the Argentinian or Uruguayan gaucho, the American cowboy, the Australian stockman, and Mexican vaquero and charro)
Chilean author Antonio Skármeta’s novel Burning Patience about the relation between an illiterate postman and poet Pablo Neruda, his only customer on Isla Negra, was made into the successful film Il Postino (The Postman)
Chile currency: Peso (CLP)
Easter Island's Mataveri International Airport (code: IPC) is the world's remotest international airport. Mataveri International Airport is 2,336 miles (3,759 km) from Santiago, Chile (SCL) which has scheduled flights to it on the Chilean carrier LATAM Chile.
Remotest international airport
Atacama Desert, situated between the Andes and the Chilean Coast Range, is the driest desert in the world. Because of its high altitude, nearly nonexistent cloud cover, dry air, and lack of light pollution and radio interference from widely populated cities and towns, this desert is one of the best places in the world to conduct astronomical observations
Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, known by her pseudonym Gabriela Mistral, became the first Latin American author to receive a Nobel Prize in Literature. Her portrait also appears on the 5,000 Chilean peso bank note. Pablo Neruda, the second and last Chilean Nobel Laureate, was one of her students.
Chile is the 4th largest exporter of wine (behind France, Italy and Spain) and the 9th largest producer. Some of the best and finest selection of wines have been produced in Chile since the first wine grapes were planted in the country in 1554, brought by Spanish Conquistadores.
Religion in Chile
The first European in recorded history to see Chile was the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who sailed through the straits which took his name on November 1, 1520. In 1540 Pedro de Valdivia a Spanish conquistador came to Chile were he founded several cities, despite resistance from the Araucanians.
Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk was marooned for about four years on Chile’s Más a Tierra island, located 364 miles (587 km) west of Valparaiso. After being rescued, he published his story of survival and was said to be the inspiration for Daniel Defoe’s classic novel Robinson Crusoe. The island is now called 'Robinson Crusoe Island'
Independence from Spain
Tierra del Fuego, or “Land of Fire,” is an archipelago off the southern tip of South America. Ferdinand Magellan named the islands in 1520 when he noticed smoke rising from Indian campfires on the shore. Magellan actually first called it “Land of Smoke,” but Spanish King Charles I thought “Land of Fire” might be more exciting. Tierra del Fuego’s largest island, Isla Grande de Tierra de Fuego, is divided between Chile (61.43%) and Argentina (38.57%).
Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego
The village of Puerto Toro on Navarino island, Chile, is the southernmost permanent human outpost, discounting Antarctic research stations.
Southernmost human settlement
Puerto Williams, Chile is the southernmost town in the world. Punta Arenas, Chile is the southernmost city in the world
President: Sebastián Piñera